Have you been watching your blood pressure? Since your diet probably hasn’t been great during quarantine, hypertension is something you need to consider. Over 1.3 billion people worldwide suffer from high blood pressure. It affects 1 in 4 men, and 1 in 5 women. There are many signs and symptoms you should look out for.
Let’s talk about 9 Signs of High Blood Pressure You Should Never Ignore… Have you been getting chest pains? What about awful headaches? Does it seem like you’re urinating all the time? Wait, can high blood pressure really cause me to lose my vision? We’re talking all that AND more…
1. Vision Loss
That’s right, high blood pressure can cause you to lose your sight. This can come in the form of blurriness or complete loss of vision. There are several things that happen to cause this.
When your blood pressure is high, this results in something called hypersensitive retinopathy. This is when the blood vessels are damaged to the point of blurred vision.
Studies have shown that people with high blood pressure are likely to experience mild to severe forms of retinopathy at some point. There is also something called choroidopathy.
With this, you’ll see a buildup of fluid under your retina. This ruins your ability to see. If you experience vision loss in even one of your eyes, try your best to get to a doctor as soon as possible. This isn’t normal.
2. Memory Loss
Along with your vision, high blood pressure can also cost you your memory. This happens through reduced blood flow to the brain.
Studies have shown that people suffering from hypertension have less blood flow in the parts of the brain that involve memory. In order for your brain to function at its normal rate, it needs a certain amount of blood going through it.
About a quart every minute, give or take. Since the blood is not properly flowing, the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen. As a result, you will notice your memory start to slip. Others around you will also notice.
Not only will your memory become fuzzy, but the low oxygen levels will also cause you to become confused. After a while, you will suffer full-on cognitive decline. So make sure you receive medical attention if you’re concerned.
3. Swollen Feet, Legs and Abdomen
If you have hypertension, you might notice that the lower areas of your body have started to swell up. This is the result of something called edema.
Edema is the abnormal buildup of fluid in the ankles, feet, and legs. It is one of the signs of pulmonary hypertension. This is when there is high blood pressure in your lungs. It affects the pulmonary arteries, which transport blood from the heart to the lungs.
With hypertension, the arteries become blocked, causing the heart to work even harder to pump blood. As a result, the heart will start taking blood from other places of the body. This includes the leg area.
The swelling built up in your feet and legs will be visible almost instantly. As for your midsection, that will start to balloon too. It will feel almost as if you’ve eaten a filling meal out of nowhere.
4. Chest Pains
Let me put it simply… If your heart’s working overtime to pump blood, your chest is going to kill. The blood pumping through clogged and backed up arteries will definitely cause pain.
This is known as angina, which is brought on by reduced blood flow and oxygen. Eventually, the damage done to your arteries will result in a heart attack. If the pains are getting progressively worse, you need to seek medical attention ASAP.
The pains will usually be accompanied by other symptoms such as sweating, numbness, shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting. Just make sure you’re keeping tabs on your blood pressure.
5. Frequent Urination
Not only does hypertension hurt your heart, but it can also do a number on your kidneys. You might be noticing yourself heading to the bathroom more than usual. If this is happening at night, it’s known as nocturia.
It’s probably a result of your blood pressure being through the roof. Research has shown that people who consume too much salt are at a greater risk of having nocturia. This is because a salty diet increases your blood pressure.
Other studies have shown that using the toilet at night has a 40% chance of being associated with nocturia. When your blood pressure is bad, it will cause arteries around the kidneys to narrow.
This results in less blood being delivered to the kidney tissue. This obviously messes with the way kidneys usually function.
Another problem with your urine that you should look out for is hematuria. This is when you find blood in your urine. It’s highly common with people who have large kidneys and high blood pressure.
There are countless reasons why you might get a headache. Sometimes you just haven’t slept or had a decent meal. But in the case of hypertension, you should probably be worried about this. A headache can mean that your blood pressure is only getting worse.
The headache is sometimes accompanied by a nosebleed. Pretty freaky, right? Well, this usually happens when your blood pressure is measured at 180/120 mm Hg or higher.
If you’re noticing that your head is pounding, while also experiencing nosebleeds and overall sickness, you need to get medical help as quickly as you can.
7. Abdominal Pain
High blood pressure will cause the abdominal artery known as your aorta to bulge out. This is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
If you feel pain in the midsection followed by a firm bulging, you need to get medical help now! The aneurysm can rupture. When this happens, there is an 80% chance that you can die.
The feeling of abdominal pain will come with other symptoms. This is where you need to be especially concerned. You’re also going to feel a deep pain in your lower back. There will even be a pulsating feeling around your belly button. You’ll feel this just by putting your hand to your navel area.
Abdominal pain can also give you a sort of tearing feeling in the lower-left part of your body. Finally, abdominal pains can also lead to a loss of consciousness. So be careful.
High blood pressure will cause you to feel really tired. Your poor sleep will in turn result in a few other symptoms like headaches and cognitive decline.
Even if your fatigue isn’t connected directly to high blood pressure, hypertension can lead to conditions that will definitely make you feel exhausted.
As we discussed earlier, high blood pressure damages both the heart and the kidneys. This can knock the wind out of you. Since your arteries aren’t getting the proper blood flow, you’re not going to feel as energetic.
This will get in the way of your everyday routine. If you continually feel tired as time goes on, it’s best to talk to a medical professional. This can lead to other terrible conditions.
9. Irregular Heartbeat
High blood pressure causes your heart to beat out of order. If your heart is struggling to pump blood, it’s going to interrupt the natural order of your heartbeat. This is known as arrhythmia.
Heart disease in general increases your chance of arrhythmia, but when your arteries are backed up and blood is not flowing into your heart, the beat is going to be thrown off. If you’re noticing that your heart is beating this way, you want to tend to it quickly. You’re going through heart failure.
This is where it leads to things like heart attacks and strokes. Your blood pressure sure can be scary. You definitely don’t want to end up with any of these symptoms. I know I don’t.