The Empathic Quotient (EQ) is a short 40-question questionnaire. Designed to measure empathy in adults, The test was developed by Simon Baron-Cohen at ARC (the Autism Research Centre) at the University of Cambridge.
It is now recognized that empathy plays an essential role in daily communication and human relationships. In general, it has been defined as the recognition and understanding of the feelings and emotions of another individual and the ability to put oneself in the place of others and to represent what one feels or thinks.
Empathy is considered by some as the relational cement at the basis of any group relationship and would have been an advantage in the natural selection process to offset the effects of competition.